Canadian Housing Market 2023: Average Prices Across the Country

By Sarah Gunther Apr 4, 2023

As we head further into 2023, the Canadian housing market continues to show resilience amidst global economic uncertainties. While the real estate landscape in Canada remains diverse, trends point to a relatively stable market with some regional variations. This article examines the average housing prices across Canada so far in 2023 and discusses the factors that influence these trends.

National Average

As of the first quarter of 2023, the national average price for a home in Canada stands at approximately $720,000, representing a modest increase of 3.5% compared to 2022. This growth is primarily driven by increased demand in major urban centers like Toronto and Vancouver, where housing prices continue to soar.

Regional Breakdown

Let’s dive deeper into the average housing prices in key provinces and cities across the country.

  1. British Columbia

British Columbia remains one of the most expensive provinces in Canada, with an average housing price of around $1,090,000. Vancouver continues to hold the title for the highest-priced city, with the average detached home fetching approximately $1,490,000. The city’s booming tech industry and picturesque landscapes contribute to the demand and high prices.

  1. Ontario

Ontario, home to Canada’s largest city, Toronto, also experiences elevated housing prices. The average home price in the province is approximately $870,000, with Toronto’s prices averaging around $1,180,000. These prices can be attributed to the city’s thriving economy, attracting both domestic and international buyers.

  1. Alberta

The housing market in Alberta, heavily influenced by the performance of the oil and gas industry, has shown signs of recovery in 2023. The average home price in the province stands at around $420,000. Calgary and Edmonton, Alberta’s two largest cities, have average home prices of $460,000 and $385,000, respectively.

  1. Quebec

Quebec’s housing market has remained relatively stable, with an average price of $420,000. Montreal, the largest city in the province, has seen steady growth in recent years, with the average price reaching $520,000.

  1. Atlantic Canada

The Atlantic provinces, comprising New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador, have some of the lowest housing prices in the country. The average home price in the region is approximately $310,000, making it an attractive destination for first-time homebuyers and those seeking a more affordable cost of living.

Factors Influencing Housing Prices

Several factors have influenced housing prices in Canada in 2023:

  1. Population Growth and Immigration

Canada’s population continues to grow, driven primarily by immigration. As new residents arrive and seek housing, demand for homes increases, putting upward pressure on prices.

  1. Low(ish) Interest Rates

The Bank of Canada’s decision to maintain low interest rates over 2020-2022 has played a significant role in shaping the housing market. Low rates make borrowing more affordable, enabling more people to enter the market and driving demand for housing. Even though rates have spiked in the last 12 months, they are still quite low compared to historical averages thus making housing more affordable (in theory) than the past.

  1. Supply Constraints

Limited supply of new homes in major cities like Toronto and Vancouver has led to increased competition among buyers, resulting in higher prices. Additionally, strict zoning regulations and high land prices in these cities have hindered new housing development.

  1. Remote Work Trends

The shift towards remote work in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic has had a lasting impact on the housing market. Many professionals have opted to leave major cities in search of more affordable, spacious housing in suburban and rural areas. This shift in demand has driven up prices in these regions.


The Canadian housing market in 2023 demonstrates resilience and continued growth, with average prices increasing across the country. The most significant price increases are seen in major urban centers such as Toronto and Vancouver, where demand remains high and supply is limited. However, more affordable options can be found in the Atlantic provinces and in suburban and rural areas.

As the year progresses, several factors will continue to shape the market, including population growth, low interest rates, supply constraints, and remote work trends. Policymakers, real estate professionals, and prospective homebuyers should keep a close eye on these dynamics as they navigate the ever-evolving Canadian housing landscape.

In conclusion, the Canadian housing market has remained relatively stable in 2023, with some regional variations. While prices in major cities continue to rise, more affordable options can be found in other regions. Those looking to enter the market should carefully consider their priorities and research the markets in their desired areas to make informed decisions on where to invest in real estate.

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